Quantum state discrimination: A geometric approach

TytułQuantum state discrimination: A geometric approach
Publication TypeJournal Article
Rok publikacji2008
AutorzyMarkham D., Miszczak J, Puchała Z, Życzkowski K
JournalPhys. Rev. A
Volume77
Pagination042111
ISSN1094-1622
AbstractWe analyze the problem of finding sets of quantum states that can be deterministically discriminated. From a geometric point of view, this problem is equivalent to that of embedding a simplex of points whose distances are maximal with respect to the Bures distance (or trace distance). We derive upper and lower bounds for the trace distance and for the fidelity between two quantum states, which imply bounds for the Bures distance between the unitary orbits of both states. We thus show that, when analyzing minimal and maximal distances between states of fixed spectra, it is sufficient to consider diagonal states only. Hence when optimal discrimination is considered, given freedom up to unitary orbits, it is sufficient to consider diagonal states. This is illustrated geometrically in terms of Weyl chambers.