Changes of Conformation in Albumin Protein with Temperature

TytułChanges of Conformation in Albumin Protein with Temperature
Publication TypeJournal Article
Rok publikacji2020
AutorzyWeber P, Bełdowski P, Domino K, Ledziński D, Gadomski A
Date Published03/2020
Słowa kluczowealbumin, conformation of protein, Fisher’s test, Flory–De Gennes exponent, Kullback–Leibler divergence, non-gaussian chain, non-isothermal characteristics

This work presents the analysis of the conformation of albumin in the temperature range of 300K – 312K , i.e., in the physiological range. Using molecular dynamics simulations, we calculate values of the backbone and dihedral angles for this molecule. We analyze the global dynamic properties of albumin treated as a chain. In this range of temperature, we study parameters of the molecule and the conformational entropy derived from two angles that reflect global dynamics in the conformational space. A thorough rationalization, based on the scaling theory, for the subdiffusion Flory–De Gennes type exponent of 0.4 unfolds in conjunction with picking up the most appreciable fluctuations of the corresponding statistical-test parameter. These fluctuations coincide adequately with entropy fluctuations, namely the oscillations out of thermodynamic equilibrium. Using Fisher’s test, we investigate the conformational entropy over time and suggest its oscillatory properties in the corresponding time domain. Using the Kruscal–Wallis test, we also analyze differences between the root mean square displacement of a molecule at various temperatures. Here we show that its values in the range of 306K – 309K are different than in another temperature. Using the Kullback–Leibler theory, we investigate differences between the distribution of the root mean square displacement for each temperature and time window.